Athens’ defeat at the hands of Philip II of Macedon effectively ended freedom and intellectual life in the Western world for several centuries.
The Spartans opened themselves up to attacks when they tried to impose their way of life upon the people they subjugated.
The political instabilities within Athens made the city vulnerable to attack from its rival, Sparta.
After the defeat of the invading Persians, tensions between Athens and Sparta began to escalate, which would ultimately result in an all-out war several decades later.
Themistocles convinced the Spartans to join the Athenians to fight and ultimately crush the Persians at the Battle of Plataea in 479 B.C.
The Spartans’ integral role in the victory over Persia changed the course of human history forever.
In the third lecture of Hillsdale College’s course on the histories of Athens and Sparta, Victor Davis Hanson asks: ‘What is the chief virtue of Athens?’
The elaborate social and political structure of Spartan society can teach us much about self-governance today.
The idea that men are created equal is one that originates with Greek philosophers, to whom Americans today owe a great debt.
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